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4.8 Constants

A constant is a symbolic name for an MFL value. Constants are defined using const statement:

[qualifier] const name expr

where name is an identifier, and expr is any valid MFL expression evaluating immediately to a constant literal or numeric value. Optional qualifier defines the scope of visibility for that constant (see scope of visibility): either public or static.

After defining, any appearance of name in the program text is replaced by its value. For example:

const x 10/5
const text "X is "

defines the numeric constant ‘x’ with the value ‘5’, and the literal constant ‘text’ with the value ‘X is ’.

Constants can also be used in literals. To expand a constant within a literal string, prepend a percent sign to its name, e.g.:

echo "New %text %x" ⇒ "New X is 2"

This way of expanding constants creates an ambiguity if there happen to be a variable of the same name as the constant. See variable--constant clashes, for more information of this case and ways to handle it.

Mailfromd Manual (split by node):   Section:   Chapter:FastBack: MFL   Up: MFL   FastForward: Library   Contents: Table of ContentsIndex: Concept Index